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Diving in Azerbaijan

Recommended training

The PADI Open Water Diver course is all you need to explore some of the Caspian Sea's shallow wrecks, but the PADI Wreck Diver course is recommended to enhance your experience. 

Divers must obtain a permission to dive in the Caspian Sea from the coast guards. This can be eailsy obtained through a PADI dive center in the region. 

When to go

Rain and temperature

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Water temperature

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Where to dive

The Caspian Sea is one of the world's most enigmatic lakes, once part of the Great Silk Road, it now offers a good variety of diving including wreck exploration and seal encounters. In more rural parts of the country you can dive in the unique mountain lakes of Goy-Gel and Maral-Gel which have the cleanest water and depths of up to 90 meters. You can even dive over the sunken villages of Mingechavir reservoir at 15-18 meter depth, or visit Nohur Lake close to the ski-resort of Gabala, as well as many other sites with interesting diving-opportunities.

    What to see

    Close to the Absheron Peninsula, at the east and south of Baku, you'll find a small archipelago of islands most of which are rocky and small with an average depth near from 5- to 12 meters. The waters surrounding them are filled with a small variety of different fish; among the big sea species you may see Caspian seals. Also, in some resort areas you may see an interesting type of black turtle. The Caspian Sea has no species that are dangerous to man. You are very likely to meet sea snakes, but they are harmless.

    In the old times Azerbaijan and the Caspian Sea around Baku were part of the old silk way, and so there are some shipwrecks to explore, and rumors of lost treasures. In reality, during Soviet times marine archaeologists invetigated old stories and legend, and tried to find something during the several expeditions, but any serious findings are still waiting to be discovered by treasure hunters.

    After the Soviet era was over, Azerbaijan took over part of the old Soviet Caspian fleet, the remnants of which you may still see near Nargin Island. The wrecked ships are slowly disappearing, being cut by island administration, but some of them still remain. The wrecks rest at a depth of 5 meters and can be easily dived, even by newly certified open water divers.


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    Azerbaijan is the biggest country in the South Caucasus, with a unique natural beauty. It contains nine different climatic zones on a relatively small area creating plenty of variety for activities.

    The capital of Azerbaijan - Baku City - is located at the Absheron Peninsula, surrounded by he waters of the Caspian Sea which are shallow and, due to high winds, with quite low visibility. But nevertheless, the Caspian Sea is a pretty nice place for diving.

    The Caspian Sea hosts multiple oil platforms, including some abandoned ones which create interesting dive spots. There is no denying that the oil exploration in the region sadly has a negative impact on the sea environment, but fortunately does not stop us from diving here and enjoying the ocean's beauty.


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    Note - Travel to any destination may be adversely affected by conditions including (but not limited) to security, entry and exit requirements, health conditions, local laws and culture, natural disasters and climate. Regardless of your destination, check your local travel advisory board or department for travel advice about that location when planning your trip and again shortly before you leave.

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