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Diving in Bahrain

Quick facts

  • Diving is generally from boats
  • If you find a pearl whilst diving, its yours to keep!
  • Bahrain is regarded as a very safe location and has a negligible crime rate
  • Visas are required by all except passport holders of AGCC (Arabian Gulf Cooperation Council) States, (i.e. nationals of Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates) and citizens of the UK for a maximum of 4 weeks (providing they hold a passport with at least 6 months validity).

When to go

Rain and temperature

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Water temperature

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What to see


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Most likely sightingsPossible sightings


Bahrain is Arabic for "two seas", referring to the fresh water springs that can be found within the salty sea surrounding it. This phenomenon is believed to be responsible for the unusual lustre of Bahraini pearls, the country's main economy before the discovery of oil. Bahraini natural pearls are considered the finest in the world.

History shows that pearl diving was occurring in Bahrain as far back as 5000 years. Over 400 sq miles of oyster beds flourish in the warm, shallow waters of Bahrain, offering a very unusual diving experience.

Other than reef diving, Bahrain offers a variety of wreck dives, including ships, planes, tugs and barges. Indo Pacific species including clown fish, trigger fish, surgeon fish, turtles, rays, lion fish, grouper, snapper, crayfish and even whalesharks; while tuna, mackerel, trevally and barracuda cruise above.

The sea bottom composition in Bahrain is primarily sand, with extensive rock formations. There is an average underwater visibility of 5 metres (15 feet) inshore and up to 25 metres (80 feet) on the more distant offshore reefs.

The Lonely Planet describes Bahrain as "an excellent introduction to the Persian Gulf" because of its authentic Arab heritage and reputation as relatively liberal and modern.

Getting there

  • Dugongs (sea cows) can be seen feeding on the sea grass in southern Bahrain during cooler months.
  • Fifi wreck is located 5 miles off the east coast of Bahrain. This location is especially popular for night dives.
  • Caisson wreck is located 20 miles off the coast of Bahrain. This concrete and steel structure is home to a numerous fishes.
  • Fasht najwah is located at 50 nautical miles north of Bahrain. Najwah is an excellent dive location for advanced divers and photographers. During peak season, Najwah is an excellent location to spot whale sharks.


Note - Travel to any destination may be adversely affected by conditions including (but not limited) to security, entry and exit requirements, health conditions, local laws and culture, natural disasters and climate. Regardless of your destination, check your local travel advisory board or department for travel advice about that location when planning your trip and again shortly before you leave.

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