Set upon the turquoise waters of the Mediterranean Sea, the beautiful Balearic Islands are a province of Spain. The archipelago consists of four main islands which are Majorca and Menorca in the north, and Ibiza and Formentera in the south. The northern islands are sometimes known as the Gymnesian Islands, which means naked in Greek. According to old verses, the islands got their name because their inhabitants were often nude.
The Balearic Islands have a rather convoluted history which starts in the ancient times when it was ruled by the Phoenicians. For many centuries after, the islands were dominated by pirates and caught in a complicating mix of wars and was at different times occupied by the Romans, the Byzantine Empire and also the British. After changing hands to different powers a few times, the Balearic Islands ultimately became an autonomous region of Spain in 1983.
The islands cover a large area of 1,972 square miles (4,992 square km) and have a population of 1,106,049 people. Both Spanish and Catalan are widely spoken on the islands. The Balearic Islands are an extremely popular tourist destination. Majorca is the most frequently visited while Ibiza is known for its dance music and party scene. The scenic islands have a nice combination of nightlife combined with tranquil beaches and water activities like snorkeling and scuba diving.
After you’re done diving, party the night away on Ibiza or wine and dine while on Majorca. There are outdoor activities like hiking and biking to do as well as relaxing on beaches including nude beaches. Alternatively, take boat trips or rent a yacht with friends to enjoy the sights if not diving.
There are local and international flights to Majorca, Menorca and Ibiza. There are also ferry services but these are overnight trips. Formentera can be access by boat as it is near Ibiza.