The British Indian Ocean Territory is one of the most remote places on Earth. It is located mid way between Indonesia and Tanzania and the BIOT’s closest neighbor is The Maldives to its north. The Territory is comprised of seven atolls known as the Chagos Archipelago with more than 1,000 small islands. These islands are mostly coralline structures formed by underwater volcanos. The largest island, which is also the most southerly, is Diego Garcia and is used as an American military base.
The Chagos Archipelago was originally chartered by Vasco de Gama in the 1500s, but wasn’t colonized until the eighteenth century when the French claimed the archipelago as a part of Mauritius. The islands were settled by African slaves and Indian contractors who worked on the coconut plantations. In 1810, Mauritius became a colony of the United Kingdom and in 1965, the United Kingdom split Mauritius and the Seychelles to make the British Indian Ocean Territory. This strange decision was fueled by the creation of an American military base. The islands from the Seychelles were later returned to the jurisdiction of that country after it gained independence in 1976.
Today, the base at Diego Garcia still exists. In addition, the UK government recently formed the second largest marine park in the world around the Chagos Archipelago. The marine park is the size of France and is also encompassed by an Environment Preservation and Protection Zone (EPPZ) and a Fisheries Conservation and Management Zone (FCMZ). However, the marine park was not formed without controversy. Many believe the government used the creation of the park to prevent the return of the native Chagossians who were displaced by the formation of the military base.
Because of the islands’ remote nature, protected status and military usage, visiting the British Indian Ocean Territory is hard to do. But for those who persevere, an untouched paradise full of interesting marine life awaits.
There is no tourism infrastructure in the British Indian Ocean Territory because access is incredibly limited. As such, the only topside activities are limited to those invented by boaters who arrive by private vessel. They may have the opportunity to explore deserted beaches or do a little fishing for a fresh supper. While diving is prohibited in the marine protected area, snorkeling is not. The opportunity to explore this diverse underwater environment is a huge opportunity for any visitor to the area.
The British Indian Ocean Territory, or the Chagos Archipelago, is only accessibly by private vessel. Those sailing to the BIOT and mooring in one of the harbors, need to apply for a permit prior to visiting. Please note that there are no supplies for purchase in this area and therefore, visitors should bring everything necessary with them.