Lying off the Dalmatian coast of Croatia is the island of Korčula. Measuring 108 square miles (279 square km), the island is part of the Dubrovnik-Neretva County and is the 6th largest island in the Adriatic Sea. The main city of the island goes by the same name and gives a feel of travelling back in time with its medieval architecture. To the south of Korčula are coves and beaches while the north is fringed by pebbled beaches. The highest point of the island is Klupca which rises 1,864ft (568m).
Caves on the island like Vela Spila and Jakas Caves indicate that Korčula has been inhabited since the Mesolithic times. In 1000 BC, Illyrians arrived to the island and were there before a Greek colony was established in the 6th century BC. From this time until the 19th century, Korčula saw many different occupations including Romans, the Byzantine Empire, Venetians, the Kingdom of Hungary, the French and Austrians. After World War II, the island finally became part of the People’s Republic of Croatia which only obtained independence in 1991.
Korčula’s colorful past has left the island as an interesting and historic place. The town of Korčula still has its defense towers and city walls and there are cathedrals from the Gothic-Renaissance period. You can also find stone structures built by ancient Illyrians and Byzantine icons in museums. Besides that, the island has stretches of vineyards and olive groves and beautiful coasts and beaches to explore.
Explore the beautiful town of Korčula or head out to other small towns with fishing villages, harbors or the sandy beaches off Lumbarda. Head to the vineyards for a wine tasting session or rent a boat to spend some idle time cruising the Adriatic Sea. Also visit the many museums and historic sites to learn about the history of Korčula.
Take a ferry to Korčula from Dubrovnik, Split, Zadar or Rijeka. During the summer months, there are also ferries travelling from Italy.
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