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The State of Kuwait is a sovereign emirate on the coast of the Persian Gulf, enclosed by Saudi Arabia to the south and Iraq to the north and west.
Kuwait has a warm tropical climate. Summer, which lasts from April to September, is extremely hot and dry with temperatures easily crossing 45 °C (113 °F) during daytime. Winter season, from November through February, is cool with some rain and average temperatures around 13 °C (56 °F) with extremes from -2 °C to 27 °C. Annual rainfall averages less than 127 mm and occurs chiefly between October and April.
Located in the northwestern region of the Arabian Gulf, Kuwait has a coastline of around 100 miles. The coastal waters are generally shallow and are strongly influenced by the extreme climatic conditions - on land, summer temperatures rise above 50 C, falling close to freezing in the winter, and strong winds are comon throughout the year.
Diving is a popular sport in Kuwait, which has survived even though the oil fires of the war caused untold pollution. Apart from clear seas and good coral reefs, Kuwait also has three nearby islands that are great dive sites. Fluctuations in water temperatures combined with high salinity should, by rights, limit the ability of coral reefs to flourish, but several species have survived against the odds.