For better readability of the table, pass into the landscape mode.
Madagascar is a country that occupies a large island of the same name, located in the Indian Ocean off the eastern coast of Africa. Geography was never my thing either... click here.
Deforestation is putting many species under strain in Madagascar It is thought to have more critically endangered and endangered primates than anywhere else in the world having lost about 90% of its original vegetation.
The best diving is to be had around the islands and islets surrounding Nosy Be on the north and west coasts. There are also some good diving sites in the south of the island and dive operators operating there, mainly around Ifaty.
Every year, 10% of the world's population of humpback whales migrates to Madagascar's waters. From June to September, the whales come from the Antarctic to breed in Madagascar's warmer waters. During this time they provide viewers with a magnificent mating display. By the end of August females give birth, and it is not unusual to see the mothers swimming with their calves.
Whales can be watched from Isle Sainte Marie, Tuléar, Fort Dauphin, Nosy Be and in the Antongil Bay, which remains one of the world's best places to see these imposing yet graceful creatures.
[Thanks to Oliver Payne for the photograph]