Made up of two archipelagoes, Sao Tome and Principe are fertile islands ripe for exploration. Together, they make up Africa’s second smallest country. The two main islands are nearly 90 miles (140 kilometers) apart, and were uninhabited until they were discovered by the Portuguese in the 1400’s.
Portugal, regrettably, used the islands as a port for slave trade, and used the islands to farm sugarcane. It was not until 1876 that slavery was abolished. However, because of the islands’ isolation, forced labor continued, ending in a massacre of hundreds of laborers in 1953.
Revolutionizing, in 1975 the country gained its independence. Democracy still reigns, today.
Take a gander at the fantastic Pico Cao Grande, a volcanic peak that seems straight out of a fantasy novel. Sheer sided, it dramatically shoots 1000 feet (300 meters) from the jungles below. You can even climb it, if you have the proper gear and mindset.
Head to the gorgeous golden beaches to relax and have a meal of fresh fish. Lovely landscapes can be spotted in every direction.
Fly to Sao Tome from Africa or Portugal, with flights coming in several times a week. Sao Tome has a public transportation system, but renting a car is the most effective way to get where you need to go.