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Diving in the United Arab Emirates


Diving in the United Arab Emirates

Quick facts

While the United Arab Emirates may be known more for its shopping than its water sports, there is plenty to do and see under the water. You can find a little bit of everything in the range of dive sites offered by this tiny yet powerful nation.

The United Arab Emirates is a great place for all levels of diver. It is even the perfect place to earn your first certification as most of the dive sites are relatively shallow and without heavy currents. Whether you are a beginner or an advanced diver, you are sure to love your dive trip to the United Arab Emirates.

The Arabian Gulf

This body of water is closest to the major centers of Dubai and Abu Dhabi and has the most PADI dive centers and resorts. As Dubai is a busy shipping center, it only stands to reason that there would be a plethora of wrecks outside its harbor. The best of these wrecks are Zaineb and the MV Ludwig.

Gulf of Oman

The East Coast bordering the Gulf of Oman in the Indian Ocean, offers pristine reefs and a couple small wrecks. Khor Fakkan and Fujairah are the biggest cities on this side of the United Arab Emirates. Traveling to the East Coast will add 90 minutes to both sides of your diving day - a journey well worth it to take advantage of the vibrant reefs and plentiful marine life found in the area. A few of the most popular dive sites include Martini Rock, Pinnacles, and the wreck of Inchcape.

Recommended training

Take the PADI Wreck Diver and PADI Deep Diver courses to visit the wrecks off Dubai. The PADI Enriched Air Diver course is a good idea because enriched air nitrox is available. The PADI Peak Performance Buoyancy course will help you glide above the pristine coral reefs off the east coast.

When to go

Diving is possible year-round in the United Arab Emirates. However, water temperatures sit around 71°F/21°C in the winter and air temperatures can reach 122°F/50°C in the summer. For the best visibility and comfort above the surface, consider visiting UAE outside of the height of summer or winter months.

Rain and temperature

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Water temperature

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Where to dive

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  • Dubai

    Endangered sea cows, modern hotels and desert adventures welcome you to Dubai.

Inchcape 1, Al Fujairah
The Inchcape shipping company donated this intact barge that was purpose sunk in 2001. It sits upright in 32 metres/104 feet of water and the current over this wreck attracts trevally, barracuda, snapper and just about any other schooling fish. A resident moray eel rules the wreck along with his minions, rays and scorpionfish.

Sharm Rock, Al Fujairah
Three small rocks break the surface of this site that is swarming with marine life underwater. With a maximum depth of about 12 metres/40 feet, you have lots of time to explore the pinnacle walls covered with soft and hard corals along with anemones with clownfish. Look for several species of parrotfish, pufferfish, snappers, pipefish, eagle rays and reef sharks.

Martini Rock, Al Fujairah
A sizable rock pinnacle that starts at 5 metres/15 feet (perfect for your safety stop) and quickly drops to only 20 metres/66 feet, Martini Rock is in a protected marine park and boasts a wide variety of ornamentation – pink and purple soft corals, whip and rod corals. Watch for slow, stealthy lionfish, eels and rock-imitating scorpionfish. You'll also see the big critters such as snappers, sea turtles and barracuda.

Dibba Island, Al Fujairah
This small island specializes in big, healthy table corals. But, that’s just the backdrop for the parade of rays, sharks, turtles and rivers of trevally. The reef starts at 15 metres/50 feet and reaches for the sun – falling just short of its goal as it tops out at 3 metres/10 feet.

MV Dara, Dubai
Sunk after an explosion in 1961, this 120-metre/400-foot wreck sits on her starboard side in 20 metres/ 66 feet of water. Having been down for many years, the wreck crawls with marine life. Eagle rays, barracuda, guitarfish and even whale sharks like to visit this shallow wreck.

Cement Barge, Dubai
This barge sank in 1971 during a storm and now sits 12 metres/40 feet down. You can see the cement bags in the cargo hold and peer into the numerous holes in the hull. Lots of tropical fish surround this wreck, including snapper under the propeller shaft and clownfish defending their anemones. Large schools of juvenile barracuda patrol the perimeter and stingrays rest in the sand.

What to see

Because the diving in the United Arab Emirates covers diverse environments, it makes sense that the country would also host a great diversity of underwater life.

The best creatures to see include whale sharks, lobsters, reef sharks, sea snakes, sea turtles, guitarfish, cuttlefish, tuna, barracuda, trevally, eagle rays, lionfish and clownfish.

You can also expect a wide range of macro life including sea horses and nudibranchs as well an abundance of reef fish swarming around the colorful environments in the Gulf of Oman.

More marine life is found on the eastern side of the country, but wherever you dive, you are sure to have interesting log books to show for it at the end of your stay in the United Arab Emirates.


For better readability of the table, pass into the landscape mode.

Most likely sightingsPossible sightings


The United Arab Emirates is a constitutional federation made up of seven emirates: Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Sharjah, Umm al-Qaiwain, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, and Ajman.

The country itself covers the tip of the Arabian Peninsula and borders both Saudi Arabia and Oman. The peninsula of the United Arab Emirates acts as a barrier between the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf.

The land today known as the United Arab Emirates has been inhabited since 5500BC and has been a stop on trading routes for thousands of years. During the 7th Century, Islam spread to the region. In the 19th Century, the seven sheikhs of the present-day emirates signed an agreement with the United Kingdom for protection against invasion by sea from other foreign powers.

This was the first semblance of the seven emirates of the United Arab Emirates and allowed for the development of sea industries, like pearl harvesting which was the most profitable of the United Arab Emirates industries in the 19th and 20th Centuries. After several years of cooperation, these emirates entered into a formal agreement in 1971, creating the United Arab Emirates following the end of the protection treaty provided by the United Kingdom.

Each emirate is governed by a monarch, known as the Sheikh. These Sheikh’s have invested much of the country’s wealth into infrastructure and education, creating a modern and growing country. Today, the United Arab Emirates forms an easily accessible Middle Eastern country for visitors. It is a wonderful introduction to the mysterious world of the Arabian Peninsula.

Other attractions

The United Arab Emirates have a little bit of something for everyone. The beaches are pristine with clear water that refreshes on the hottest days.

If it is really is too hot to be outside, consider a trip to one of the indoor winter wonderlands where you can ski, sled or snowboard to your heart’s content. Shopping is also a great option. Dubai is home to some of the best shopping malls in the world.

For nature-lovers, a trip to the mountain town of Hatta rewards with magnificent views. And desert safaris create an unforgettable, adrenalin-filled evening.

Finally, take some time to enjoy the opulent restaurants and magnificent architecture found around this Middle Eastern nation.

Getting there

Both Dubai’s and Abu Dhabi’s international airports welcome flights from around the world. There is an additional international airport in Sharjah that hosts flight originating in the Middle East.

It is also possible to reach the United Arab Emirates by car from neighboring countries or by ship. It’s important to note that anyone with entry or exit stamps from Israel will be denied entrance.

Once you have safely arrived in the United Arab Emirates, travel around the country is easily completed by metro, taxis, rental cars and buses.


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220 V

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Main airport
Note - Travel to any destination may be adversely affected by conditions including (but not limited) to security, entry and exit requirements, health conditions, local laws and culture, natural disasters and climate. Regardless of your destination, check your local travel advisory board or department for travel advice about that location when planning your trip and again shortly before you leave.

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