Some airlines ask passengers to show a valid Yellow fever vaccination certificate before flying to Venezuela. This is not an official entry requirement, however the CDC Yellow fever vaccination recommendation is "for all travellers over 9 months of age travelling to Venezuela, except the northern coastal area. The cities of Caracas and Valencia are not in the endemic zone." A valid measles vaccination certificate may be required to board flights out of the country following a nationwide immunisation program in 2006, but foreign tourists are usually exempted. [Source: Wikitravel]
For better readability of the table, pass into the landscape mode.
Venezuela is a tropical country, located in northern South America. Although it is known worldwide because of its oil, beauty queens and recent political issues, it is still unspoilt with a wide range of natural landscapes and extremely varied geography in just 916,444 square kilometers (you can imagine France and Germany together to get a better idea). Venezuela is also recognized as one of the 17 extremely biodiverse countries embracing:
Theoretically, it is possible to scuba dive and snorkel around most of Venezuela's long coastline but it is the diving in and around the 70 islands, that Venezuela has in the Caribbean Sea, which is the most exciting.
This stunning reservation is home to a wide variety of wildlife, especially birds (more than 500 species of birds can be observed in this park). Dive sites on this coastline include:
Los Roques: these reefs provide exceptionally varied environments with highly localised temperature fluctuations, rough and calm waters, light and shade, and nutrient content. There are impressive pinnacles, enormous caves and coral gardens. Walls of soft coral and sea whips descend more than 60m. Wreck sites date back to C16th pirates. Known as "The last untouched coral reef in the Caribbean", it has a marine habitat of over 800 Km.
In this archipelago, there are two large coral reef barriers stretching from east to south, they form a reef wall which protects the coral gardens and "underwater forests" that are found in the calm waters of this magical paradise.
Sponges in a wide variety of sizes and colors (yellow, orange, red, blue or purple; tubular, massive and encrusting), reef walls over 40 meters, seagrass beds, caves full of life, rocky ground, marine species from every Caribbean region (queen conch, lobster, cachamas or angelfish, wrasses, parrot fish, barracudas, manta rays, groupers, snappers and yellowtail snappers), four different species of turtles (Caretta caretta or Loggerhead, Green turtle, Hawksbill turtle and Leatherback or Laud turtle) and an endless sea representatives that make up an entire galaxy under the extraordinary turquoise waters of the archipelago of Los Roques.
A snorkelling and diving paradise. 9 small islands with dive sites to suit everyone from beginners to experienced divers. Walls, platforms, canyons and caves. Viz varies, depending on the season, between 10-30m.
A smaller, sister island to Margarita Island - great marine life.
Lost to fire in the 1970s, there are still cars on board, a Chevy and a Volkswagen.
Features 36 islands just offshore and over 50 dive sites.