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Diving in the Yucatán Peninsula

The whale sharks of Isla Mujeres, the Bull Sharks of Playa del Carmen and crystal clear Cenotes await you among the many dive sites of the Yucatán Peninsula.


El Museo Subaquàtico de Arte (MUSA)

The MUSA, located next to Cancun, is an underwater contemporary museum of art consisting of over 500 permanent life-size sculptures from English artist Jason deCaires Taylor.

Whale Sharks in Isla Mujeres

Isla Mujeres, just off-shore from Cancun, sits at the join of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. As such, it attracts hundreds of Whale Sharks from June to September each year.

Cenote Diving in Yucatan

Hundreds of crystal clear cenotes (caves) can be found throughout Mexico. Cenote Dos Ojos near Tulum is the most famous and is easily accessible to most divers.

Bull Sharks in Playa del Carmen

From November to March, large bull shark females arrive in Playa del Carmen in order to breed. Get up close and personal with these amazing sharks.

Diving in the Yucatán Peninsula

Quick facts

In the Yucatán Peninsula, divers can find everything from cenotes to high-speed drift diving. Most of the dive sites are found off Riviera Maya and Cancún in the Caribbean Sea, but unexplored reefs do exist along the northern coast of the peninsula.

Dive sites off Riviera Maya feature beautiful caverns while there is plenty of healthy reef near Cancún including an gorgeous underwater museum called MUSA. The offshore islands of Isla Mujeres and Cozumel are well known among divers for their pelagic migrations and open ocean drifts.

Do not miss the opportunity to dive in the glassy cenotes located around the Yucatan. If you have the chance, schedule some time at the far southern edge of the territory. Here you’ll find Banco Chinchorro, a biodiversity hotspot at the top of the Belize Barrier Reef.

Diving in the Yucatan is a combination of boat dives and shore dives. Also, a 16% tax is levied on all diving activities in the area.

Recommended training

Take the PADI Cavern Diver courses to make the most of the cenotes. Consider the AWARE - Fish Identification course to help you identify what you’ll see and the PADI Digital Underwater Photographer course to capture images of all the marine life.

When to go

Diving around the Yucatan Peninsula is a year-round activity. For uncrowded dive sites and comfortable waters, book your trip between May and November.

December to April

There is no bad time to dive the Yucatan. In fact, the water temperatures remain constant year-round and cool only slightly during the winter months.

December to April is considered the best time to visit Mexico and therefore is the most popular time to dive in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. Because the winter months constitute high season, you should make sure to book as early as possible in order to secure the best rate.

On average, water temperatures vary between 77 and 82ºF (25 and 28ºC) around the Yucatan Peninsula. In terms of marine life, Bull Sharks are commonly found off the coast of Playa del Carmen from November to March.

May to November

The best time for cenote diving is between May and September. These months bring the best light to the caves and result in better photographs.

Also note that diving in the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico is possible year-round. Simply keep an eye on the forecast during the summer and early fall. These seasons do see the occasional hurricane. When there isn’t a hurricane, the weather during the summer is hot and humid with the occasional rain shower.

June to September in particular is best for whale sharks near Isla Mujeres. And from May to September, green and loggerhead turtles arrive to lay their eggs in Playa del Carmen.

As an added bonus, the summer months are low season throughout Mexico. At this time, you’ll find the best deals on diving and accommodation. If you enjoy uncrowded, dive sites, travel to Mexico between May and September.

Rain and temperature

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Water temperature

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Where to dive

Novice divers will be most comfortable in the protected reefs of Cancun while advanced divers can explore the cenotes and walls of Puerto Aventuras.
  • Akumal

    In the heart of the Riviera Maya, Akumal boasts twelve shallow and deep coral dives just seven minutes from shore, ideal for any level of diver.

  • Banco Chinchorro

    As the largest coral atoll in the Northern Hemisphere, Banco Chinchorro is home to several shipwrecks, healthy coral reefs and excellent drift diving.

  • Cancún

    From a world-class underwater sculpture park to annual whale shark visitors, Cancún delights scuba divers with above and below the water attractions.

  • The Cenotes

    With an estimated 6,000 cenotes, Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula and its extensive subterranean waterways are ideal for experimenting with cavern diving.

  • Isla Mujeres

    Isla Mujeres is home to the most reliable whale shark expeditions in the world. It also features colorful corals, fascinating wrecks and a shark cave.

  • Mahahual

    As a jumping off point for Banco Chinchorro, Mahahual is an up-and-coming dive spot. Be sure to check out the barrier reef and cenotes here as well.

  • Playa del Carmen

    From Bull Sharks in crystal clear water to reefs and fascinating cenotes, diving in Playa del Carmen is a great addition to your Mexican holiday.

  • Puerto Aventuras

    On the doorstep of the cenotes, Puerto Aventuras is a seaside commune with access to amazing bull shark encounters and the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef.

  • Puerto Morelos

    Home to one of the best protected sections of the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef, Puerto Morelos offers easy shore diving or boat trips to nearby Cancun.

  • Tulum

    Known for nearby cenote dives and the Sian Ka’an Reserve, Tulum has a unique variety of dive sites to enjoy in the shadow of its famous Mayan pyramids.

  • Xcalak

    Located just north of the Belize Cayes, the quintessential fishing village called Xcalak offers up the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef and Banco Chinchorro.

USD 2,694Per person for 7 nights for 2 divers
USD 1,495Per person for 7 nights for 2 divers
USD 1,190Per person for 7 nights for 2 divers

Snorkeling in the Yucatán Peninsula

Non-divers will find plenty of reasons to enter the water in the Yucatan Peninsula. From shore, you’ll be able to access the region’s best reefs and even dip your head in a cenote. If you happen to be in the area from June to September, make sure to take a day trip to Isla Mujeres in order to snorkel with whale sharks. There are also trips to the deep sea for snorkeling with sailfish that may interest some.
Punta Cancun – This is a popular spot with divers and provides access to several dive sites and some healthy coral reefs. Located at the eastern end of Cancun's hotel zone, the reefs contain colorful coral formations and you can hang out with a diverse array of marine life, including barracuda, rays and sharks. Punta Nizuc – This site is famous for its snorkeling and diving thanks to an offshore reef rife with abundant marine life. Depths average 10 metres/30 feet and great visibility make this a spectacular spot where divers meet lobster, groupers, rays, sergeant majors and a host of other marine life. At Punta Nizuc art meets coral reef conservation and divers can visit a statue of a young girl lying in a coral garden. She’s part of an underwater museum, Museo Subacuático de Arte, that’s well worth exploring. Playa del Carmen, Akumal and Tulum – South of Cancun, Playa del Carmen is a bustling town with a European vibe. Akumal and Tulum, both south of Playa, are seaside villages that offer a glimpse into the Yucatan of yesterday. Generally, the dive sites here are shallow with excellent visibility and boat rides are as short as five minutes. You’re likely to see turtles, barracuda, stingrays, lobsters and nurse sharks. Pared Verde – Sloping rivers of sand divide sections of the wall which is well populated with coral, sponges and myriad macro invertebrates. Depths to 40 metres/130 feet are possible and the current can be a consideration. Larger pelagic species are frequently seen here, given the reef’s location in the middle of a sandy plain. Cenotes – If you want to try something truly special, dive a cenote. These deep, freshwater-filled sinkholes formed when the roofs of limestone caverns collapsed and filled with water. The Yucatan’s elaborate cenotes have intricate cave systems and underground tunnels that draw divers from around the globe. Many cenotes boast pristine turquoise waters and a beautiful array of stalagmites and stalactites formed over millions of years.

What to see

Dolphins and sharks patrol deeper waters, while stunning colorful fish hang out by the reefs. You will see eels and lobsters near overhangs, as well as plenty of eagle rays gliding through the shallows. If you dive in the mangroves you may even run across a manatee!

One of the major attractions to the underwater world of the Riviera Maya are the Bull Sharks that are attracted to the area’s crystalline waters between November and March. There’s also a chance of spotting Green Turtles, Loggerhead Turtles, whale sharks and sailfish during their respective migrations.


For better readability of the table, pass into the landscape mode.

Most likely sightingsPossible sightings


Separating the Gulf of Mexico from the Caribbean, the Yucatan Peninsula juts up from the base of Mexico. The homeland of the mysterious Mayan civilization, this region has been populated for hundreds of years.

The Spanish came and conquered the area, colonizing and reforming. Many, many bloody battles were fought during this time, and countless lives were lost, both from warring and from disease.

Today, the area thrives off of tourism, as many of the Mayan sites still remain, majestic temples and curious carvings. The beautiful beaches and warm weather draw people here throughout the year, especially to the bustling tourist city of Cancun.

Other attractions

The most incredible things to see in the region are the ancient Mayan temples that dot the landscape. There are sites aplenty, but two of the most famous are Chichen Itza and Tulum. Aside from the temples, going on a jungle trek or two is sure to get your adrenaline pumping! You’ll also find plenty of watersports from kayaking to parasailing as well as sandy white beaches on which to relax. In the evening, stroll through local villages, dine on delicious Mexican food and shop for local handicrafts.

Getting there

To reach the Yucatan Peninsula, fly into Cancun International Airport or Cozumel. Alternatively, take a bus from a nearby region. The public transportation in the area is astounding. It can get you everywhere you could ever dream of wanting to go through use of buses, private transfers, rental car and taxis.


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Note - Travel to any destination may be adversely affected by conditions including (but not limited) to security, entry and exit requirements, health conditions, local laws and culture, natural disasters and climate. Regardless of your destination, check your local travel advisory board or department for travel advice about that location when planning your trip and again shortly before you leave.

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